2. Ok, when do we use it?
First, we must look at when you do not use it. You do not use the present simple for talking about things at this moment. For that we use the present continuous.
I am studying English.
I am surfing the internet.
We use the present simple for things that are true for a long time, or always
I live in England.
I read a lot of books.
Coffee tastes good.
Because we often use the present simple to describe things, one of the most important uses of the present simple is with adjectives.
For example: I am English; That book is interesting; The coffee is good.
Because we use the verb to be so much in the present simple, it is very, very irregular. (Words that are used a lot are often irregular). It does not use an auxiliary, even in negatives, questions and affirmations. And it changes:
I am. He/she/it is. We are. You are. They are.
(But you will notice that even the verb to be keeps to the rule that third person present singular ends in s – is).
So to finish let's look at some present simple verbs in a short paragraph. Look at how the present simple is used.
"My name is Tara. I live in London which is the capital of England. We eat eggs for breakfast every day. My sister doesn’t like eggs. Do you like them? I do. We go to the local school. It rains a lot, so we often take an umbrella to school. The students at my school speak English, but we study German and French too. They are difficult. I don’t like science, but I do like history. What do you like?"
Now we will do some exercises! Click the blue triangle.