Postby jiang on Fri Apr 10, 2015 2:30 pm

Dear Prof.,

Please read the following:

Socrates said that, because of man's nature (predisposed toward“the good”), no one ever willfully seeks evil; that man always seeks “the good”; that, even when he does evil, he finds a way to justify his actions, convincing himself ( if no one else) that he has performed “the good.”
According to Socrates, if a man always does evil, he _________.
a. does not know what is good b. intends to do evil
c. he intends to do good d. he is evil

The key is c. But to me none is correct because "even when he does evil" he finds a way to justify. That means he has done evil. Is it possible for a person to do something good but turned out he did evil?

Looking forward to hearing from you.
Thank you in advance.

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Re: comprehension

Postby prof on Sun Apr 12, 2015 5:50 pm

Actually I would say the correct answer is a.

This is because when we try to 'justify' our actions we are looking for reasons after we have done or decided to perform those actions. So a man who does evil is not 'intending' to do good. (As in answer c.). He is intending to perform an action and only after that does he consider the morality of that action.

However, if he has afterwards convinced himself that his evil action was good, then he clearly does not know what is truly good.

As for someone doing something intended to be good but which turned out to be evil,this happens so often that there is an English proverb 'The road to hell is paved with good intentions'.
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